Skinner and Albert Bandura believed behavior is the result of what is learned from experience Corey, Whereas Skinner believed environmental influences control people, Bandura believed people are goal-oriented and have specific intentions and purposes. He believed the basis for learning is observing others.
Contact Author Psychology is the study of the mind. There are a few different ways to study the mind and all of them have their own significant contributions to the field.
The psychodynamic view and the humanistic view are both unique in that they are almost complete polar opposites within the field of psychology.
Both have made significant contributions and have been a platform for different views, though they differ in their approaches completely. Both views must be explored and combined to form a common ground in order to keep advancing the study and treatment of the mind.
Differing Goals The goals of psychodynamic and humanistic therapists are very different. The psychodynamic view was developed by Sigmund Freud.
He believed that behavior was deeply influenced by unconscious thoughts, impulses, and desires, especially concerning sex and aggression. His goal was to resolve the internal conflicts that lead to emotional suffering.
Freud said that "patients could only expect to change their hysterical misery into common unhappiness. The goals of the humanistic therapist differ from Freud's psychodynamic view in that they seek to understand how people perceive themselves and experience the world. It is concerned with understanding subjective human needs.
Humanists believe that conscious thoughts and feelings shape behavior.
They believe in accountability and self-actuality, and that everyone can reach self-actuality by moving through Maslow's hierarchy of needs. This differs to the Freudian school of psychodynamics because he did not believe that all of his patients could be happy. Optimism Versus Pessimism Humanists and psychodynamicists not only differ in their goals, but also in their views on personality as well.
I do believe that we'll look at three of my favorite theories, which are also three of the most influential of the early theories of psychology: Behaviorism, Cognitive, and Humanistic theories. Behaviorism as a theory is based on the idea that all behaviors are a direct result of conditioning, which occurs through interacting with the environment. Apr 17, · Comparison and Contrast of Behavioral and Cognitive Theories The primary difference between these two theories is the emphasis on overt behavior in behavioral theory and in cognitive theory, the focus is on cognition or individual thought processes (Corey, ). Psychodynamic Theory Part 1: Psychodynamic theory is a view that explains personality in the terms of unconscious and conscious forces, such as beliefs and unconscious desires. Sigmund Freud in the early 20th century proposed a psychodynamic theory according to which personality consists of the ID.
The psychodynamic view is more negative and pessimistic, whereas the humanistic view is that mostly all people are good. Psychodynamics believes that behavior is determined, while the humanist believes that behavior is free choice and free will.
In psychodynamics, motives are rooted in sex and aggression while humanists' motives are tilted towards the pursuit of self-actualization. Psychodynamics denotes three elements of the personality: Id, Ego, and Superego. The Id seeks pleasure, the Ego is the thinker and planner, and the Superego is the voice of reason.
Humanists are more simplistic, believing in a unified self and that "people just are who they are. The Freudian and psychodynamic view of human development is based on psychosexual stages as follows: Oral age focuses on sucking and survival Anal ages focuses on potty training Phallic ages focuses on adult traits such as vanity and pride Genital, which starts with the onset of puberty.
The humanistic view is very different from Freud's view of development and describes an ongoing development of self-image in which experiences shape self-image in a positive or negative way.
Differing Therapeutic Techniques The approach to therapy differs greatly between psychodynamic and humanistic therapy. The therapist's role in psychodynamic therapy is authoritative, and they tend to determine what will be talked about during a session.
In humanistic therapy, the therapist takes an objective role and listens to what the patient has to say. It is more non-directed and the patient can decide what will be discussed during the session.
It is said in humanistic therapy, the therapist provides opportunities for change, but it is up to the patient to actively solve his or her own problems. The psychodynamic approach deals with unconscious thoughts and conflicts, usually stemming from repressed memories or sexual energy.
The humanist therapist believes in conscious acts and that humans make their own decisions, not unconscious drives.
They encouraging responsibility for their actions by focusing on bringing emotions into the present and dealing with them.
A lot of research has been done on these two very different approaches. However, there have been no new views that have combined humanism with psychodynamics to utilize the best of both.
Science supports the idea that the conscious cannot function without the unconscious. By combining the humanistic and psychodynamic view to focus on the conscious and unconscious as equally responsible parts for the cause of psychological disorders, we could further research about the brain and its behavior.
There is no right or wrong when it comes to different approaches to psychology. The main differences between the psychodynamic view and humanistic view are the goals, development, causes, and treatments; and in each area, both views have made significant contributions.
By combining the two views into one harmonious holistic view, a healthier approach to treating the mind and psychological disorders could be formed. The new view would take all parts of the mind and body, conscious and unconscious, into consideration, leading to a stronger diagnosis and treatment in the end.The psychodynamic approach includes all the theories in psychology that see human functioning based upon the interaction of drives and forces within the person, particularly unconscious, and between the different structures of the personality.
Comparison and Contrast of the Psychodynamic and Cognitive Behavior Theories Words 5 Pages Remaining on course is a very important part of arriving at the destination of achievement and success. Psychodynamic theory can be more time intensive in comparison to some short-term theories because it involves changing deeply ingrained behaviors and requires significant work on understanding one’s self.
Behavioral Theory. Behavioral theory is based on the belief that behavior is learned. Classic conditioning is one type of behavioral. This essay will compare two psychological theories on the topic of the development of a person’s personality and their behaviour. The psychological areas that will be discussed are the behaviorist perspective and the psychodynamic perspective.
May 19, · The goals of psychodynamic and humanistic therapists are very different. The psychodynamic view was developed by Sigmund Freud. He believed that behavior was deeply influenced by unconscious thoughts, impulses, and desires, especially concerning sex and schwenkreis.coms: Comparison and Contrast of the Psychodynamic and Cognitive Behavior Theories In life, humanity is on a journey much like walking through a forest full of trees that requires consistent observation while navigating the path traveled.