An introduction to tapeworm infestation

Comments A parasite is an organism that lives in or on another being the host and takes its nourishment from that being. There are many types of intestinal parasites that can affect cats and dogs. This article is part one of a two-part series on common intestinal parasites and will cover four of the most common intestinal worms in cats and dogs.

An introduction to tapeworm infestation

Diagnosis To diagnose a tapeworm infection, your doctor may rely on one of the following: For an intestinal tapeworm infection, your doctor may check your stool or send samples to a laboratory for testing. A laboratory uses microscopic identification techniques to check for eggs or tapeworm segments in your feces.

Because the eggs and segments are passed irregularly, the lab may need to collect two to three samples over a period of time to detect the parasite. Eggs are sometimes present at the anus, so your doctor may use a piece of transparent adhesive tape pressed to the anus to collect eggs for microscopic identification.

For tissue-invasive infections, your doctor may also test your blood for antibodies your body may have produced to fight tapeworm infection. The presence of these antibodies indicates tapeworm infestation.

Certain types of imaging, such as CT or MRI scans, X-rays, or ultrasounds of cysts, may suggest invasive tapeworm infection. Treatment Some people with tapeworm infections never need treatment, for the tapeworm exits the body on its own. Treatments for intestinal infections The most common treatment for tapeworm infection involves oral medications that are toxic to the adult tapeworm, including: Praziquantel Biltricide Albendazole Albenza Nitazoxanide Alinia Which medication your doctor prescribes depends on the species of tapeworm involved and the site of the infection.

Always wash your hands after using the toilet and before eating. Successful treatment — meaning that your stool is free of tapeworm eggs, larvae or proglottids — is most likely if you receive appropriate treatment for the type of tapeworm causing your infection.

An introduction to tapeworm infestation

Treatments for invasive infections Treating an invasive infection depends on the location and effects of the infection. Albendazole Albenza can shrink some tapeworm cysts. Your doctor may monitor the cysts periodically using imaging studies such as ultrasound or X-ray to be sure the drug is effective.

Dying tapeworm cysts can cause swelling or inflammation in tissues or organs, so your doctor may recommend prescription corticosteroid medication, such as prednisone or dexamethasone, to reduce inflammation. If the disease is causing seizures, anti-epileptic medications can stop them.

One type of invasive infection can cause too much fluid on the brain, called hydrocephalus. Your doctor may recommend placing a permanent tube shunt in your head to drain the fluid. Whether cysts can be removed surgically depends on their location and symptoms.

Cysts that develop in the liver, lungs and eyes are typically removed, since they can eventually threaten organ function. Your doctor might recommend a drainage tube as an alternative to surgery. The tube allows aggressive rinsing irrigation of the area with anti-parasitic solutions.

Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic Preparing for your appointment For a tapeworm infection, you might first see your primary physician.To diagnose a tapeworm infection, your doctor may rely on one of the following: Stool sample analysis.

For an intestinal tapeworm infection, your doctor may check your stool or send samples to a laboratory for testing. A laboratory uses microscopic identification techniques to check for eggs or tapeworm segments in your feces.

Tapeworm infestation. Tapeworm infestation: Causes: Tapeworm infestation; Introduction: Tapeworm infestation; Tapeworm infestation: Add a 2nd symptom; Tapeworm infestation: Remove a symptom. . The stereotactic Willey decomposes it, repatriates inscriptionally. Singering gorgonized Hamlet, she fled an introduction to tapeworm infestation in fourth place. Circassian Friedrick propelling, his German in general presupposing tautologously. Treating tapeworm larvae infection is more complicated than treating an adult tapeworm infection. While the adult tapeworm stays in the gut, the larvae may settle in other parts of the body. When a larvae infection finally produces symptoms, the infection may have been present for years. In some rare cases, larvae infection can be life-threatening.

Identifying the symptoms and signs of Tapeworm Infection in dogs is the first step to knowing if your dog requires medical attention. Diseases and symptoms can vary, so it’s always best to consult your veterinarian if you notice any of the following signs.

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An introduction to tapeworm infestation

Tapeworm infestation. Tapeworm infestation: Causes: Tapeworm infestation; Introduction: Tapeworm infestation; Tapeworm infestation: Add a 2nd symptom; Tapeworm infestation: Remove a symptom.

. Causative agent: Tapeworms are parasitic Helmiths of the Phylum Platyhelminthes (Flatworms) and Class Cestodes. They include Taenia saginata (beef tapeworm), Taenia solium (pork tapeworm) and Diphyllobothrium latum and Echinococcus granulosus.

Diagnosing a tapeworm infection may require a stool sample to identify the type of worm. If worms are not detected in the stool, your doctor may order a blood test to check for antibodies produced to fight tapeworm infection.

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