They discussed the post-war order and peace treaty issues. America had the bomb. When Harry Truman learned of the success of the Manhattan Project, he knew he was faced with a decision of unprecedented gravity. The capacity to end the war with Japan was in his hands, but it would involve unleashing the most terrible weapon ever known.
Japan and the United States both knew it. How long would it be, however, before Japan surrendered? Japan was split between surrender or fighting to the end. They chose to fight. This was no theoretical research project. It was created to destroy and kill on a massive scale. President Truman had four options: Conventional Bombing of the Japanese Home Islands While the United States began conventional bombing of Japan as early asthe mission did not begin in earnest until mid Between April and August,an estimatedJapanese people were killed andmore wounded in air raids.
A single firebombing attack on Tokyo in March killed more than 80, people. The saturation bombing of Japan took much fiercer tolls and wrought far and away more havoc than the atomic bomb.
The firebombing of Tokyo was one of the most terrible things that ever happened, and they didn't surrender after that although Tokyo was almost completely destroyed. However, experience showed that the Japanese did not easily surrender.
They had been willing to make great sacrifices to defend the smallest islands. They were likely to fight even more fiercely if the United States invaded their homeland.
During the battle at Iwo Jima in6, US soldiers died. Later that year, on Okinawa, 13, soldiers and sailors were killed. Casualties on Okinawa were 35 percent; one out of three US participants was wounded or killed.
Truman was afraid that an invasion of Japan would look like "Okinawa from one end of Japan to the other. The price of invasion would be millions of American dead and wounded.
Estimates did not include Japanese casualties. Despite knowing the cause was hopeless, Japan planned a resistance so ferocious, resulting in costs so appalling, that they hoped that the United States would simply call for a cease fire where each nation would agree to stop fighting and each nation would retain the territory they occupied at the time.
Almost one-quarter million Japanese casualties were expected in the invasion. A ground invasion would result in excessive American casualties as well. Demonstration of the Atomic Bomb on an Unpopulated Area Another option was to demonstrate the power of atomic bomb to frighten the Japanese into surrendering.
An island target was considered, but it raised several concerns. First, who would Japan select to evaluate the demonstration and advise the government?
A committee of politicians? How much time would elapse before Japan communicated its decision—and how would that time be used? To prepare for more fighting? Would a nation surrender based on the opinion of a single person or small group?
Second, what if the bomb turned out to be a dud?Aerial view of Hiroshima depicts the terrific destructive force of the atomic bomb United States Army Air Corps; Harry S.
Truman Library & Museum By August, , Japan had lost World War II.
Harry Truman Explains Why He Dropped the Bomb In , the then-president wrote to the editors regarding his decision to use atomic warfare during World War II.
Mara Wilson. President Truman’s decision to use the atomic bomb against Japan in is arguably the most contentious issue in all of American history.
The most spectacular episode of Harry Truman's presidency will never be forgotten but will be forever linked to his name: the atomic bombings of Hiroshima on August 6, , and of Nagasaki three days later. Harry Truman Explains Why He Dropped the Bomb In , the then-president wrote to the editors regarding his decision to use atomic warfare during World War II.
Mara Wilson. On August 6th , the United States, led by Harry Truman, decided to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan, forever changing warfare.
This paper will be dedicated to why Harry Truman decided to use the atomic bomb on Japan and the effects that this decision had on humanity afterward.