May 26, at 3: They also can live up to years. Canines have two of those three traits. If they had the third, just think….
Share Culture Have you ever wondered why, in the ongoing presidential campaignwe so strongly hear the pipes calling us to arms? Why the religious among us bristle at any challenge to the creation story they believe?
Or even why team sports evoke such intense loyalty, joy, and despair? The answer is that everyone, no exception, must have a tribe, an alliance with which to jockey for power and territory, to demonize the enemy, to organize rallies and raise flags.
And so it has ever been. In ancient history and prehistory, tribes gave visceral comfort and pride from familiar fellowship, and a way to defend the group enthusiastically against rival groups.
It gave people a name in addition to their own and social meaning in a chaotic world. It made the environment less disorienting and dangerous.
Human nature has not changed. Modern groups are psychologically equivalent to the tribes of ancient history. As such, these groups are directly descended from the bands of primitive humans and prehumans.
The drive to join is deeply ingrained, a result of a complicated evolution that has led our species to a condition that biologists call eusociality. And the eusocial group contains multiple generations whose members perform altruistic acts, sometimes against their own personal interests, to benefit their group.
Eusociality is an outgrowth of a new way of understanding evolution, which blends traditionally popular individual selection based on individuals competing against each other with group selection based on competition among groups. Individual selection tends to favor selfish behavior.
Group selection favors altruistic behavior and is responsible for the origin of the most advanced level of social behavior, that attained by ants, bees, termites—and humans.
Among eusocial insects, the impulse to support the group at the expense of the individual is largely instinctual. But to play the game the human way required a complicated mix of closely calibrated altruism, cooperation, competition, domination, reciprocity, defection, and deceit.
Humans had to feel empathy for others, to measure the emotions of friend and enemy alike, to judge the intentions of all of them, and to plan a strategy for personal social interactions. As a result, the human brain became simultaneously highly intelligent and intensely social.
It had to build mental scenarios of personal relationships rapidly, both short term and long term. Its memories had to travel far into the past to summon old scenarios and far into the future to imagine the consequences of every relationship.
Ruling on the alternative plans of action were the amygdala and other emotion-controlling centers of the brain and autonomic nervous system. Thus was born the human condition, selfish at one time, selfless at another, and the two impulses often conflicted.
Today, the social world of each modern human is not a single tribe but rather a system of interlocking tribes, among which it is often difficult to find a single compass.
People savor the company of like-minded friends, and they yearn to be in one of the best—a combat Marine regiment, perhaps, an elite college, the executive committee of a company, a religious sect, a fraternity, a garden club—any collectivity that can be compared favorably with other, competing groups of the same category.
Their thirst for group membership and superiority of their group can be satisfied even with symbolic victory by their warriors in clashes on ritualized battlefields: Like the cheerful and well-dressed citizens of Washington, D.
The fans are lifted by seeing the uniforms, symbols, and battle gear of the team, the championship cups and banners on display, the dancing seminude maidens appropriately called cheerleaders.
The hood of a car was flattened, about thirty people jubilantly piled aboard, and the driver—a fan—smiled happily It did not seem to me that those fans were just sympathizing or empathizing with their team. They personally were flying high.
Even when the experimenters created the groups arbitrarily, prejudice quickly established itself. Whether groups played for pennies or were divided by their preference for some abstract painter over another, the participants always ranked the out-group below the in-group.
The prejudices asserted themselves even when the subjects were told the in-groups and out-groups had been chosen arbitrarily. That may not be intuitive:Watch video · As a new study in Nature makes clear, not only did processing and eating meat come naturally to humans, it’s entirely possible that without an early diet that included generous amounts of .
By nature, we mean the natural world and the nested ecosystems within it.
This is the “non-built” world of water, air, earth, vegetation, and animals. Humans are part of nature and interact constantly with it in many ways—on the molecular and the larger systems level. Jan 15, · PBS is launching a six-part documentary series that explores new thinking about the relationship between humans and nature.
EARTH A New Wild stars conservationist M. Sanjayan as he takes viewers on a whirlwind tour of the world with a series of surprising and heart-touching stories of how humans are engaging with .
Our relationship with nature has historically been one of imbalance and overuse. We do not associate ourselves as a part of nature because we use it for profit.
Humans play a vital role in nature just like everything else.
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|Natural born killers: humans predisposed to murder, study suggests | Science | The Guardian||Bookmark Humans are selfish. The same goes for so many assertions that follow.|
|Our Role and Relationship With Nature | Environmental Topics and Essays||Would you like to merge this question into it?|
|Are You a Scientific Pantheist?||Share via Email This article is over 2 years old The research also shows that levels of lethal violence among humans have fluctuated over time.|
Scientific pantheism is a modern form of pantheism that deeply reveres the universe and nature and joyfully accepts and embraces life, the body and earth, but does not believe in any supernatural deities, entities or powers.
Human nature: Human nature, fundamental dispositions and traits of humans. Theories about the nature of humankind form a part of every culture. In the West, one traditional question centred on whether humans are naturally selfish and competitive (see Thomas Hobbes; John Locke) or social and altruistic (see Karl.