Ode to Psyche was one of the final works of poetry that was published. Indeed, his illness was so acute that his friend and confidant Severn, who nursed him through the worst of the illness, wrote that Keats would sometimes wake up, and sob to find himself still alive, he was in so much pain. Ode to Psyche Summary The myth of Cupid and Psyche was the first of his odes, although it was only published a year later.
Background[ edit ] Keats was never a professional writer. At the age of 23, Keats left the hospital, losing his source of income, in order to devote himself to writing poetry. The early products of this effort included La Belle Dame sans Merci and "Ode to Psyche", the first of a series of odes that he would write that year.
It is uncertain as to when the poem was actually completed,  but Keats sent the poem to his brother on 3 May with an attached letter saying, "The following poem, the last I have written, is the first and only one with which I have taken even moderate pains; I have, for the most part, dashed off my lines in a hurry; this one I have done leisurely; I think it reads the more richly for it, and it will I hope encourage me to write other things in even a more peaceable and healthy spirit.
After reading the work and realizing that the myth was established during the twilight John keats ode to psyche essay Roman mythology, Keats wrote to George: As such, the poem is an experiment in the ode structure that he was to then rely on for his next five odes.
Although Keats spent time considering the language of the poem, the choice of wording and phrasing is below that found within his later works, including Hyperion or the odes that followed. Also, he did not want the poem to be based simply around that message, so he incorporated narrative elementssuch as plot and characters, along with a preface to the poem.
Of these additions, the use of a preface was discontinued in his next odes along with the removal of details that describe setting within the poems; they would only be implied within later odes. Ridley disputes that Keats favours Petrarch and claims that the odes incorporate a Shakespearean rhyme scheme.
The use of rhyme does not continue throughout the poem, and the lines that follow are divided into different groups: These are then followed by a series of twelve lines that are modelled after the Shakespearean sonnet form, but lack the final couplet.
The next lines are of two quatrains, with cddc rhyme, followed by two lines that repeat the previous rhymes, and then a final quatrain, with efef rhyme.
Cupid, instead, falls in love with her, but he could only be with her in the cover of darkness in order to disguise his identity. Psyche begins to search after Cupid, and Aphrodite forces her to perform various tasks before she could be united with her love. After nearly dying from one of the tasks, Cupid asks Zeus to transform Psyche into a goddess so the two can be together.
The narrator immediately recognizes Cupid and is astonished when he recognizes Psyche: The winged boy I knew; But who wast thou, O happy, happy dove?
However, she is neglected while the others were worshipped: In the fourth stanza, the narrator emphasizes the internal when he describes how he is inspired by Psyche: His imagination allows him to join with both the natural and supernatural elements of Psyche, and his form of worship is within himself while "Ode to Psyche" the poem serves as a song in praise of the goddess.
The narrator becomes the prophet for Psyche and says in the final stanza: This will allow the narrator to attain a new sense of inspiration while providing Psyche with a sanctuary: And there shall be for thee all soft delight That shadowy thought can win, A bright torch, and a casement ope at night, To let the warm Love in!
However, the narrator questions if he was able to see them at all or if he was dreaming. However, the temple dedicated to the goddess within his mind does not yet exist. Yet the extreme beauty quenches every dissatisfaction. The beginning of this ode is not so good, and the middle part is midway in excellence.
This may be another way of saying that it is the most architectural of the odes, as it is certainly the one that culminates most dramatically. But finding the poem so elusive, we return to it only after we know the others far better. If we had hope to use them as keys, we discover they do not quite fit the lock.
Meanwhile they have given us a standard hard to equal. But the itch for novelty has encouraged a few critics to suggest that the poem, in some dark but fundamental way, has more to it as a whole than do the later odes.“Ode to Psyche” is much more freely and loosely written than any of Keats’s other odes, and the fact that it is difficult to schematize testifies to this spontaneity and freedom rather than to an elaborate preconceived formal scheme.
The Ode to Psyche by John Keats is the first of a series of Romantic odes written in in response to personal, political, and social events of the the time. Keats' Poems; Essay Questions; Table of Contents.
All Subjects. John Keats Biography; Summary and Analysis "On First Looking into Chapman's Homer" "When I Have Fears" The Eve of St.
Agnes How does the "Ode to Psyche" differ in stanza form and rhyme scheme from the odes that follow it? 4. Does Keats' ode owe much to Apuleius' account? 2.
What does Keats say indirectly about the imagination in his "Ode to Psyche"? 3. How does the "Ode to Psyche" differ in stanza form and rhyme scheme from the odes that follow it?
4. Why does Keats use an outdoor setting for his "Ode to Psyche"?
5. In Keats’s “Ode to Psyche”, the speaker stumbles upon Psyche and her lover in the woods. The speaker then praises her for her beauty. This sonnet has a very loose form, with words written more freely. Psyche represents love, so that "Ode to Psyche" could be seen as an ode to love itself.
This work could even be construed as a poem addressed to Keats' own love, Fanny Brawne, whose acquaintance he had made around the time of the poem's composition.