Paul and Authorship by Cavan W. Concannon What if I were to tell you that one of these two portraits had been painted by the famed painter Rembrandt and the other by someone else? Which one would you identify as the authentic work of the Dutch master? How would you decide?
Philemon These seven letters are quoted or mentioned by the earliest of sources, and are included in every ancient canon, including that of Marcion c.
Hilgenfeld and H. Holtzmann instead accepted the seven letters listed above, adding Philemon, 1 Thessalonians, and Philippians. Few scholars have argued against this list of seven epistles, which all share common themes, emphasis, vocabulary and style.
They also exhibit a uniformity of doctrine concerning the Mosaic LawChrist, and faith. Colossians[ edit ] Although Colossians is witnessed by the same historical sources as the undisputed texts, Pauline authorship of Colossians has found some critics.
It was originally doubted by F. Baur, though others working from his general thesis, such as H. Holtzmann, argued that an original brief Pauline text experienced many interpolations by a later editor.
This thesis was questioned in an analysis of Gnosticism by R. Wilson,  where he contended that the supposed parallels were unsupported. Another argument centers on differences in style and vocabulary. Bujard demonstrated significant stylistic differences between Colossians and Paul's other works, such as unusual genitive constructions 1: Conzelmann made such an argument, pointing to differing theological concepts of "hope".
A certain Archippus is referred to in both Philemon 2Colossians 4: However, the connection between the two epistles can be used by those on both sides of the Pauline vs.
To those who favor Pauline authorship of Colossians, this is evidence of same authorship; to those who do not, this, combined with the other evidence noted, is indicative of a skillful forger.
Ephesians[ edit ] The author of Ephesians claims to be Paul in the opening address, itself identical to those of Second Corinthians and Colossians.
There were no doubts in the late-second century church that Paul wrote the epistle: Ephesians may be an amended version of the letter to the Laodiceans in the Marcion canon  and the Muratorian fragment before The authenticity of this letter was first disputed by the Dutch Renaissance scholar Desiderius Erasmusand in more recent times has drawn detailed criticism.
The letter is made up of 50 sentences, 9 with over 50 words. The closest, Romans, has 3 out of sentences of such length. Goodspeed,  and C. Mitton  argued the style was unlike Paul's other works.
Many words in the letter are not in the "undisputed" epistles. Theologically, the word ecclesia is used to refer to the universal churchwhich did not yet exist in Paul's lifetime, rather than, as Paul typically employs it, to the local churches that he had founded.
Also, the eschatological tone is more subdued than in other letters: Over forty passages in Ephesians are expansions or variations of passages in Colossians.
Scott argued that Paul used one letter as a model for the other,  whereas others have considered Ephesians to be derivative of Colossians, edited and reworked by another.
There is some evidence that the Letter to the Ephesians might have been sent to several different churches.Start studying Paul's Disputed and Undisputed Letters. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
CIVIL LAW Answers to the BAR as Arranged by Topics (Year ) ANSWERS TO BAR EXAMINATION QUESTIONS IN CIVIL LAW ARRANGED BY TOPIC. Does Matthew Have Added Text?
The following excerpts come from an unaltered book of Matthew that could have even been the original or the first copy of the original of Matthew. Did Josephus Refer to Jesus? A Thorough Review of the Testimonium Flavianum By Christopher Price. The most important extra-biblical references to Jesus are found in the writings of Josephus.
Alternate History. Due to time constraints I can no longer update the contents page. However you can continue to keep abreast of all of our articles by following this link to the Updates Page..
For pre-July Alternate Histories, look here.. For Non-English Alternate Histories, look here. above article by J. Edward Miller, Journal for the Study of the New Testament 26 () In , New Testament Studies published a provocative piece by Philip Payne entitled, “Fuldensis, Sigla for Variants in Vaticanus, and 1 Cor.
” in which the author argued that, in codex Vaticanus, a particular siglum indicated knowledge of textual variants by the scribe.