Chang Clemson University During the past several decades, the unique challenges of cross-cultural counseling and assessment have attracted considerable attention. Cross-cultural assessment has become a sensitive issue due to specific concerns regarding the use of standardized tests across cultures. Within this context, Butcher and Garcia identified test translation and test adaptation as two main problems associated with cross-national testing.
Send reprint requests to Dr. Bernstein, Counseling Center, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, North Carolina View on Journal Site Abstract Dissociation is a lack of the normal integration of thoughts, feelings, and experiences into the stream of consciousness and memory.
Dissociation occurs to some degree in normal individuals and is thought to be more prevalent in persons with major mental illnesses. The Dissociative Experiences Scale DES has been developed to offer a means of reliably measuring dissociation in normal and clinical populations.
Scale items were developed using clinical data and interviews, scales involving memory loss, and consultations with experts in dissociation. Pilot testing was performed to refine the wording and format of the scale. The scale is a item self-report questionnaire. Subjects were asked to make slashes on mm lines to indicate where they fall on a continuum for each question.
In addition, demographic information age, sex, occupation, and level of education was collected so that the connection between these variables and scale scores could be examined. The mean of all item scores ranges from 0 to and is called the DES score.
The scale was administered to between 10 and 39 subjects in each of the following populations: Reliability testing of the scale showed that the scale had good test-retest and good split-half reliability.
Item-scale score correlations were all significant, indicating good internal consistency and construct validity. A Kruskal-Wallis test and post hoc comparisons of the scores of the eight populations provided evidence of the scale's criterion-referenced validity.
The scale was able to distinguish between subjects with a dissociative disorder multiple personality and all other subjects.Aug 05, · assessment, appraisal, grande, counseling, internal consistency, construct validity, content validity, criterion validity.
Reliability and Validity of the Addiction Severity Index Among Outpatients With Severe Mental Illness Kate B.
Carey Syracuse University the reliability and validity of the ASI with primary substance abusers. Two studies conducted by McLellan et al.
(,) tion/Substance Abuse Counseling, University of Iowa.
The Relationship Between Validity and Reliability Reliability, which is covered in another lesson, refers to the extent to which an assessment yields consistent information about the knowledge. Reliability; Validity; Correlation; Research Methods › Reliability.
The term reliability in psychological research refers to the consistency of a research study or measuring test. For example, if a person weighs themselves during the course of a day they would expect to see a similar reading.
Scales which measured weight differently each Author: Saul Mcleod. The Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS): The study of Validity and Reliability Ahmet AKIN* Bayram ÇET‹N** Abstract This study investigated the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the.
After using the Reliability and Validity Exercise, further distinguish the types and significance of validity and reliability in test creation, application in counseling settings, and potential consequences of using assessment tools.