InBerners-Lee wrote a memo proposing an Internet -based hypertext system. In his personal notes  from he listed  "some of the many areas in which hypertext is used" and put an encyclopedia first.
Notes Abstract This essay surveys the development and current state of electronic literature, from the popularity of hypertext fiction in the 's to the present, focusing primarily on hypertext fiction, network fiction, interactive fiction, locative narratives, installation pieces, "codework," generative art and the Flash poem.
It also discusses the central critical issues raised by electronic literature, pointing out that there is significant overlap with the print tradition. At the same time, the essay argues that the practices, texts, procedures, and processual nature of electronic literature require new critical models and new ways of playing and interpreting the works.
Because this essay is the first systematic attempt to survey and summarize the fast-changing field of electronic literature, artists, designers, writers, critics, and other stakeholders may find it useful as an overview, with emphasis on recent creative and critical works.
And you don't know how to look because you don't know the names. Katherine Hayles opens the aperture more widely and the angle differs slightly as well. Her electronic literature "primer" is a wide-ranging essay that takes the pulse of the e-literature field at this particular moment, reminding us that "literature" has always been a contested category.
While both Hayles and Tabbi agree on many points and cover some of the same territorythere are also some interesting differences between the essays.
Katherine Hayles is largely concerned with defining a field, Joseph Tabbi is concerned more with defining the possibility and conditions of literature's persistence in digital environments. The authors pitch their respective 'approaches' to different audiences; each seems to have a different sense of what needs to be done first — critique digital literary works Hayles or define the conditions for the emergence of possible digital literary works Tabbi.
Both strike me as equally important. And most of us in the Electronic Literature Organization believe that the two critical orientations represented work together. In short, you can't have one without the other, and you can't have anything at all without the pragmatic, writerly tactics employed in the 'Two Bits' essays already online in the ELO library.
Brother Paul, the precentor in charge, had detected a murmur from the back row and, furious that the rule of silence was being compromised, strode down the aisle just in time to see Brother Jacob tuck something under his robe. When he demanded to see it, Brother Jacob shamefacedly produced a codex, but not one that the antiquarii of this monastery had copied — or of any monastery, for this Psalter was printed.
Shocked as much by the sight of the mechanical type as Brother Jacob's transgression, Brother Paul so far forgot himself that he too broke the silence, thundering that if books could be produced by fast, cheap and mechanical means, their value as precious artifacts would be compromised.
Moreover, if any Thomas, Richard or Harold could find his way into print, would not writing itself be compromised and become commonplace scribbling? And how would the spread of cheap printed materials affect the culture of the Word, bringing scribbling into every hut and hovel whose occupants had hitherto relied on priests to interpret writing for them?
The questions hung in the air; none dared imagine what answers the passing of time would bring.
This fanciful scenario is meant to suggest that the place of writing is again in turmoil, roiled now not by the invention of print books but the emergence of electronic literature.
Just as the history of print literature is deeply bound up with the evolution of book technology as it built on wave after wave of technical innovations, so the history of electronic literature is entwined with the evolution of digital computers as they shrank from the room-sized IBM machine on which I first learned to program sporting all of 4K memory to the networked machine on my desktop, thousands of times more powerful and able to access massive amounts of information from around the globe.
The questions that troubled the Scriptorium are remarkably similar to issues debated today within literary communities. Is electronic literature really literature at all? Will the dissemination mechanisms of the Internet and World Wide Web, by opening publication to everyone, result in a flood of worthless drivel?
Is literary quality possible in digital media, or is electronic literature demonstrably inferior to the print canon?
|Status of This Document||Preferably one or the other should be used exclusively. The markup method offers a better guarantee of document structural integrity and alleviates some problems when editing bidirectional HTML text with a simple text editor, but some software may be more apt at using the [UNICODE] characters.|
|Using pandoc||By migrating to XHTML today, content developers can enter the XML world with all of its attendant benefits, while still remaining confident in their content's backward and future compatibility.|
|Introduction to HTML||Many people want to use XHTML to author their Web pages, but are confused about the best ways to deliver those pages in such a way that they will be processed correctly by various user agents.|
|Issue tracking||Local use LC experience or existing holdings The Library of Congress launched its first website in Since then, staff have created HTML files using various chronological versions of the format.|
|IT Terminology / Dictionary - S for Script||The "symmetric" part of the term means that an SDSL connection has the same maximum upload and download speeds. The idea behind it is that slower drives such as CD and DVD drives would attach directly to larger, faster hard drives.|
What large-scale social and cultural changes are bound up with the spread of digital culture, and what do they portend for the future of writing? Note 1 These questions cannot be answered without first considering the contexts that give them meaning and significance, and that implies a wide-ranging exploration of what electronic literature is, how it overlaps and diverges from print, what signifying strategies characterize it, and how these strategies are interpreted by users as they go in search of meaning.
In brief, one cannot begin to answer the questions unless one has first thoroughly explored and understood the specificities of digital media. To see electronic literature only through the lens of print is, in a significant sense, not to see it at all.
This essay aims to provide some of the context that will open the field of inquiry so that electronic literature can be understood as both partaking of literary tradition and introducing crucial transformations that redefine what literature is.
Electronic literature, generally considered to exclude print literature that has been digitized, is by contrast "digital born," a first-generation digital object created on a computer and usually meant to be read on a computer.Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is the standard markup language for creating web pages and web applications.
This format description is for the first formally standardized specification for HTML, published as RFC Hypertext Markup Language - in November by the HTML .
W3C XML Adjunct Specifications [CR: ] [Table of Contents] The W3C Extensible Markup Language (XML) Specification is the principal document governing the XML standard. Several other W3C specifications are also critical to the understanding and implementation of XML as it . Extensible Hypertext Markup Language (XHTML) is part of the family of XML markup schwenkreis.com mirrors or extends versions of the widely used Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), the language in which Web pages are formulated.. While HTML, prior to HTML5, was defined as an application of Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML), a flexible markup language framework, XHTML . This was the W3C's home page for the XHTML2 Working Group, which was chartered in March (see news) until December For new information related to HTML and XHTML, please see the home page for the HTML Working Group.. This Working Group is now closed. For further ongoing work related to XHTML, see the XHTML syntax section of the HTML5 specification.
CIS HTML Questions. STUDY. PLAY. A. Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) sectioning elements are also known as _____ because the tag name describes the purpose of the element and the type of content it contains.
It is the description text that accompanies a figure. B. It is placed either directly before or directly after a figure box. SCCM tools are products and suites that support the structured approval, assignment, monitoring, execution and reporting of changes to software products for teams and teams of teams.
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is the primary markup language used for creating pages and applications on the Web. Because HTML is now developed as a living standard, adoption needs to be assessed by element or other feature. XHTML is a separate language that began as a reformulation of HTML using XML It is no longer being developed as a separate standard.
XHTML was published as a W3C Recommendation on January 26, , and was later revised and republished on August 1, It offers the same three variations as HTML and , reformulated in XML, with minor restrictions.
To return HTML to its role as a semantic language, the W3C has developed style languages such as CSS and XSL to shoulder the burden of presentation. In conjunction, the HTML specification has slowly reined in the presentational elements.