It is usually first diagnosed in childhood and often lasts into adulthood. Children with ADHD may have trouble paying attention, controlling impulsive behaviors may act without thinking about what the result will beor be overly active.
Each year, thousands of teens develop eating disorders, or problems with weight, eating, or body image. Eating disorders are more than just going on a diet to lose weight or trying to exercise every day.
They represent extremes in eating behavior and ways of thinking about eating — the diet that never ends and gradually gets more restrictive, for example. The most common eating disorders are anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa usually called simply "anorexia" and "bulimia".
Anorexia People with anorexia have a real fear of weight gain and a distorted view of their body size and shape. As a result, they eat very little and can become dangerously underweight.
Many teens with anorexia restrict their food intake by dieting, fasting, or excessive exercise. They hardly eat at all — and the small amount of food they do eat becomes an obsession in terms of calorie counting or trying to eat as little as possible.
Others with anorexia may start binge eating and purging — eating a lot of food and then trying to get rid of the calories by making themselves throw up, using some type of medication or laxatives, or exercising excessively, or some combination of these.
Bulimia Bulimia is similar to anorexia. With bulimia, people might binge eat eat to excess and then try to compensate in extreme ways, such as making themselves throw up or exercising all the timeto prevent weight gain. Over time, these steps can be dangerous — both physically and emotionally.
They can also lead to compulsive behaviors ones that are hard to stop. To have bulimia, a person must be binging and purging regularly, at least once a week for a couple of months. Binge eating is different from going to a party and "pigging out" on pizza, then deciding to go to the gym the next day and eat more healthfully People with bulimia eat a large amount of food often junk food at once, usually in secret.
Sometimes they eat food that is not cooked or might be still frozen, or retrieve food from the trash. Most people with bulimia then purge by vomiting, but also may use laxatives or excessive exercise. Although anorexia and bulimia are very similar, people with anorexia are usually very thin and underweight, but those with bulimia may be an average weight or can be overweight.
Binge Eating Disorder This eating disorder is similar to anorexia and bulimia because a person binges regularly on food at least once a week, but typically more often. But, unlike the other eating disorders, a person with binge eating disorder does not try to "compensate" by purging the food.
Anorexia, bulimia, and binge eating disorder all involve unhealthy eating patterns that begin gradually and build to the point where a person feels unable to control them.
People with ARFID also might have issues in their day-to-day lives, at school, or with their friends because of their eating problems. Signs of Anorexia and Bulimia Sometimes a person with anorexia or bulimia starts out just trying to lose some weight or hoping to get in shape.
But the urge to eat less or to purge or over-exercise gets "addictive" and becomes too hard to stop. Those with anorexia may weigh food before eating it or compulsively count the calories of everything.
How do you know for sure that someone is struggling with anorexia or bulimia? But there are some signs to watch for that might indicate a person has anorexia or bulimia. Someone with anorexia might: No one is really sure what causes eating disorders, although there are many theories about it.
Many people who develop an eating disorder are between 13 and 17 years old. This is a time of emotional and physical changes, academic pressures, and a greater degree of peer pressure.
Although there is a sense of greater independence during the teen years, teens might feel that they are not in control of their personal freedom and, sometimes, of their bodies.
This can be especially true during puberty. They might mistakenly feel compelled to get rid of it any way they can. Many people with eating disorders also can be depressed or anxious, or have other mental health problems such as obsessive-compulsive disorder OCD.
There is also evidence that eating disorders may run in families. Sports and Eating Disorders Athletes and dancers are particularly vulnerable to developing eating disorders around the time of puberty, as they may want to stop or suppress growth both height and weight. Coaches, family members, and others may encourage teens in certain sports — such as gymnastics, ice skating, and ballet — to be as thin as possible.
Some athletes and runners are also encouraged to weigh less or shed body fat at a time when they are biologically destined to gain it.
Effects of Eating Disorders Eating disorders are serious medical illnesses. They often go along with other problems such as stress, anxiety, depression, and substance use.The most common types of eating disorders are Anorexia Nervosa, characterized by extreme thinness and intense fear of gaining weight.
Bulimia nervosa is characterized by recurrent and frequent episodes of eating very large amounts of food, usually followed by forced vomiting, use of laxatives or diuretics, excessive exercise or a combination of .
The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations.
In the United States, the prevalence of most eating disorders is similar among non-Hispanic whites, blacks, Hispanics, and Asians, but anorexia nervosa is more common in non-Hispanic whites.
Affective flattening is the reduction in the range and intensity of emotional expression, including facial expression, voice tone, eye contact, and body language.. Alogia, or poverty of speech, is the lessening of speech fluency and productivity, thought to reflect slowing or blocked thoughts, and often manifested as short, empty replies to questions.
© – Vertical Health LLC. This information is not designed to replace a physician's independent judgment about the appropriateness or risks of a procedure for a given patient. A. A1C A form of hemoglobin used to test blood sugars over a period of time.
ABCs of Behavior An easy method for remembering the order of behavioral components: Antecedent, Behavior, Consequence.